Laparoscopy, or keyhole surgery, is a minimally invasive surgery that is performed using small incisions to access the inside of the abdomen or pelvis. It is called so because the surgeon inserts a “laparoscope” — a device with a video camera and light at the end.
This technique has garnered a lot of support in the past decade and for the right reasons:
1. Less Bleeding
Since the cuts in laparoscopic techniques are small and fewer in number, the chances of excessive bleeding or hemorrhage are considerably less in laparoscopic surgeries. In fact, bleeding is so less in these cases that the operated patient can easily go back home after a few hours, provided his doctor grants him permission. This, in turn, reduces the recovery time in patients, which is less common in patients undergoing conventional or open surgeries.
2. Reduced Exposure
Another advantage of the small incisions or cuts is that the internal organs are exposed for a lesser amount of time. This reduces the chances of contracting infections by almost 70% as compared to open surgeries, where the risk of infections is higher. The internal organs are better protected from external contaminants in the case of laparoscopy, making it the safer choice.
3. Fewer Analgesic Effects
Laparoscopy is a minimally-invasive procedure, which means that it causes very little pain or trauma to the patient undergoing surgery. Lesser pain equates to fewer analgesics or post-operative medicine prescriptions. We all know that analgesics are notorious for side effects like drowsiness, nausea, dry mouth, tinnitus, etc. Since laparoscopic surgeries don’t require the patient to take additional medications for post-operative pain, they positively affect his/her lifestyle.
4. Less Scarring
Compared to open surgeries, laparoscopy results in decreased internal as well as external scarring. This is essential, as it reduces the chances of wound opening inside the patient’s body after surgery. Lesser the damage to tissue, lesser problems it would cause in the future. At the same time, minimal scarring on the skin often holds a cosmetic appeal. It helps protect the mental state of a patient who sees just one or two small scars on his abdomen after surgery instead of larger, more vicious scars.
5. Gynecological Diagnosis
Gynecological laparoscopy has rapidly developed over the last decade. It has played a major role in diagnosing diseases in the reproductive system. This includes endometriosis, uterine fibroids, ovarian tumor, ectopic pregnancy, infertility, pelvic inflammatory diseases, and reproductive cancers. Thus, laparoscopy has become an integral part of the diagnosis as well as the management of diseases related to the reproductive system.