Rosalyn Sussman Yalow – Queen of Carbon Science


July 19, 1921 – May 30, 2011

Place of study: 

Hunter College, USA

University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign, USA

Famous for: 

Development of the radioimmunoassay (RIA) technique

  • Development of the radioimmunoassay (RIA) technique, which helped in the screening of various types of hepatitis; identify hormone-related health problems such as diabetes mellitus; detect foreign substances in the blood including some cancers and measure the effectiveness of dose levels of antibiotics and drugs.


Dickson Prize (1972)

AMA Scientific Achievement Award (1975)

Albert Lasker Award for Basic Medical Research (1976)

Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1977)

National Medal of Science (1988)

Fun fact:

Yalow was responsible for steering Mildred Dresselhaus, the future “Queen of Carbon Science”, away from primary school teaching and into a research career.